Residence permits are granted under the “Law of Return”, giving individuals descending from Jewish mothers and converted to Judaism the right to repatriation.
Children under the age of 18 and of Jewish parentage entering the country with repatriating parents are automatically given permanent residence. Permanent residence rights can be revoked if the holder lives outside of Israel for seven years or more.
Citizenship can be obtained through birth, adoption or naturalisation. For the latter, the applicant must have lived in Israel for a total of three years (out of five) and have permanent residence rights. State authorities can grant citizenship for exceptional services to the nation, such as scientific or cultural achievements.