Property buying guide for Czech Republic
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Residence

Visas, residence permits and citizenship in the Czech Republic

Visas and residence permits for the Czech Republic are governed by the Law on foreign citizens' stay in Czech Republic.

Visas

The Czech Republic is a member of the Schengen Area: certain nationalities must apply for a visa beforehand. There are four main types: A, B, C or D. For more information, check out our Schengen Visa article.

How to get a residence permit

Buying property in Czech Republic is not grounds for getting a residence permit but owning or renting accommodation is one of the requirements for issuing the permit.

Temporary residence

Temporary residence permits (povolení k pobytu) and long-term permission to stay (dlouhodobý pobyt):

  • employment card (blue or green)
  • entrepreneurial card (for companies registered in the Czech Republic — registering a company costs about €2,000 and takes three weeks)
  • academic research
  • university studies
  • family reunification

Documents required:

  • passport
  • two photos
  • bank statement with at least €4,000 per person
  • medical insurance
  • criminal record check
  • statement of no liability from the tax department and social security department of Czech Republic (Česká správa sociálního zabezpečení or ČSSZ)
  • proof of accommodation (rent agreement, real estate title deed or rental contract)

Documents must be translated into Czech and certified by a Czech notary. The application for a residence permit is made to the police station at the place of residence. A residence permit is issued for one or two years and can be prolonged.

Czech residents can travel around the Schengen zone visa-free, but cannot spend more than 90 out of 180 days in these countries.

Permanent residence

Permanent residence permits (trvalý pobyt) are granted:

  • after five years of temporary residence
  • to persons of Czech descent
  • for family reunification
  • upon adoption of a Czech citizen.

Permanent residence permits allow the holder to enjoy all rights of Czech citizens, excluding the right to vote and be elected. Permanent residents also get an internal foreign citizen’s passport (Průkaz o povolení k pobytu pro cizince) that confirms their right to remain in the country. To maintain the permit, the holder cannot leave the Czech Republic for more than six months in a row.

Documents required:

  • application
  • passport
  • three photos
  • proof of grounds for residence (e.g. employment contract or proof of relation to a Czech citizen)
  • proof of regular income for the last six months
  • proof of accommodation
  • criminal record check

Documents must be translated into Czech and certified by a Czech notary. The application for a residence permit is made to the police station at the place of residence. A residence permit is issued for one or two years and can be prolonged.

How to get citizenship

Czech citizenship is granted by filing an application with the Ministry of Internal Affairs (Ministerstvo vnitra České republiky) on the following grounds:

  • five years of permanent residence for non-EU citizens
  • three years of permanent residence for EU citizens
  • by right of birth
  • citizens of Czechoslovakia up to 31 December 1992
  • by marriage to a Czech citizen

Citizenship requirements include a written Czech language and Czech knowledge test. Students and pupils educated in Czech schools and universities are exempt this obligation. The applicant must also have a clean criminal, tax and credit record. The Czech Republic allows dual nationality (dvojí občanství).

Property buying guide for Czech Republic
Article 4 of 6
Tranio’s managers offer advice on buying real estate in the Czech Republic
Inna Klimaeva
Inna Klimaeva
Real Estate Expert Tranio in the Czech Republic
+44 17 4822 0039
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