Property prices in Germany
With the largest and the most stable economy in Europe, Germany is an attractive destination for investment capital from around the globe. One way to maintain and increase capital is to invest in real estate.
The German property market is heterogeneous: the situation in western Germany is significantly different from that in eastern Germany, while Berlin, the capital of the country, is characterised by its own specific features.
Property prices in Germany
|Population, millions||Unemployment rate,%||Purchasing power p.a, €||Property prices, €/m²|
German property investments are reliable and show promise thanks to the following key factors:
- Stable economy. In 2019,
Germany´sGDP increased by 0.6% and exceeded €3.1 trillion (the fourth largest GDP in the world).
- Low unemployment rate. The unemployment rate has declined by 0.9%
year-on-year,hitting 5.1% by March 2020 - a record low since 1990.
- Population growth. In 2019,
the country´spopulation was around 83 million - 3.3% higher than during the last decline in 2011. The population is constantly growing due to high levels of immigration.
nationals’incomes are rising. In 2019, the average German salary reached a record high of €3,994 per month.
Among the main incentives for property demand in Germany are the cheap mortgages. The average interest rate over the last 17 years is just 3.37%, whilst in April 2020 it was down to 1.25%.
Loan repayments have be-come less burdensome, leading to a considerable increase in property demand and, subsequently, prices.
Berlin: a market with a great potential
What is facilitating the growth
The main reason is due to young professionals who come to the city in order to find jobs. Every year, the number of inhabitants increases by 40,000, a number which totals over 1%
The Berlin property market is one of the most dynamic in the world. The economic growth and rising population in the city are fuelling demand. As a result, real estate prices are constantly increasing:
- between 2015 and 2020, the residential property prices in Berlin more than doubled to €5,095 per m² in average.
- the average residential property rental rate grew by 50% over the same period to reach €13.74 per m² per month.
Mitte is the most expensive property market in Berlin, with the median price for flats running at €4,570 per m² (for comparison, in
When buying a flat in Berlin, you shouldn't expect to obtain a quick profit from rental. The local residential real estate is promising primarily in terms of its future capitalisation. Property in the capital generates a reasonable rental income of 3–4% and gains in value annually.
Non-residential property is also in high demand in Berlin. In 2019, €70.8 billion was invested into the commercial segment. The demand for such property continues to grow, especially in the central districts. This price growth has led to a decline in the yield rates to 3–6% per annum.
Total area 54 m² 1 bedroom
Total area 26 m² 1 bathroom
Western Germany: a liquid property market
Western Germany is a commercial and industrial region with
- high demand for property rental and purchase;
- fewer properties on offer when compared to eastern Germany;
- high rental rates:
€13–18 per m²per month for residential properties and €38 per m² for commercial properties;
- high property prices: starting from €5,000 per m² on average;
- low yields:
Munich, Stuttgart, Frankfurt am Main, Düsseldorf and Hamburg are the largest
Average purchase price, €/m²
Price increase since 2015,%
Average rent price, €/m²
Price increase since 2015,%
Total area 23 m² Yield 3.15 %
Total area 123 m² 3 bedrooms
Total area 103 m² 2 bedrooms
Experienced investors look at not only metropolitan cities whose overheated markets bring about high property prices, but also cities with 50,000 to 300,000 inhabitants,
— Which commercial properties in western Germany are the most reliable?
— Those in the right locations, with
We consider retirement homes and medical centres to be the most promising commercial property types over the next
Western Germany, especially the southern parts, also has a well-developed domestic tourism industry. The region's most popular resorts are the spa town of Baden-Baden, the ski resort of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, in addition to Starnberg and Titisee-Neustadt. The rental demand in popular tourist areas is high: for instance, in 2019, Frankfurt am Main attracted over six million tourists, whilst the town’s hotels have no more than 60,000 bed spaces.
Total area 71 m² 1 bedroom
Total area 124 m² 2 bedrooms
Eastern Germany: dynamic market development
Eastern Germany attracts investors with the rapid growth of its economy and its high potential for development. The population is growing, and so is purchasing power in the region. Meanwhile, the unemployment rate is falling: in Dresden, for example, it declined by 2% between by the end of 2019.
In general, the real estate market of Eastern Germany is characterised by:
- properties being 60
–70%cheaper than in western Germany;
- relatively high yields:
- a larger number of properties on offer when compared to the western regions;
- property price and rental rate growth: between 2015 and 2020, in large cities, prices grew by 74% on average, and rental rates increased by 19%.
The most promising real estate markets in eastern Germany are located in the big cities: Leipzig, Dresden, and Potsdam whose
|Average purchase price, €/m²||Price increase since 2015,%||Average rent price, €/m²||Price increase since 2015,%|
Thanks to the relatively low prices, the yields in eastern Germany are still higher than in the west of the country: about
The growth of large and medium-sized cities in eastern Germany makes for promising markets for investors. The relatively low prices for local real estate will ensure higher rental yields, whilst the continuing economic growth will allow investors to resell property at a profit in 7-8 years.
Such small university cities as Halle and Chemnitz favour student property investment, with there being many international students wishing to obtain