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France Visa types in 2024

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France remains one of the world’s premier destinations, attracting tourists, students, business professionals, and families from across the globe. Understanding the various types of visas France offers in 2024 is crucial for planning your visit or stay. Here, we delve into the different visa categories, from short-stay to long-stay options, and provide guidance on the application process.

Short-term visas in France

Short-term visas, often referred to as Schengen visas, are a type of visa issued by France for individuals planning to visit for a period not exceeding 90 days within a 180-day period. These visas are applicable for tourism, business visits, short family or friend visits, or for the purpose of attending conferences and cultural events. France, as a Schengen Area member, allows travelers with a short-stay visa to move freely within the Schengen Zone, which encompasses several European countries, enhancing the convenience for travelers wishing to visit multiple countries on the same trip.

Types of short-term visas

  • Tourist Visa. Issued to individuals who wish to visit France for sightseeing, exploring, and experiencing the culture.
  • Business Visa. For those intending to engage in business-related activities such as meetings, conferences, and trade fairs, without taking up employment in France.
  • Visitor Visa. For individuals planning to visit family or friends residing in France.
  • Cultural/Sports Events Visa. Issued to participants or attendees of cultural, sports, or religious events in France.

Application process for short-term visas

The application process for a short-term visa to France involves several steps:

  • Applicants must fill out the Schengen visa application form accurately and completely.
  • An appointment must be booked at the French consulate or visa application center in the applicant’s country of residence.
  • Applicants need to submit various documents, including a valid passport, photos, travel insurance, proof of accommodation, a return ticket, and proof of financial means, among others.
  • Payment of the visa application fee is required at the time of application. This fee is non-refundable, even if the visa application is denied.
  • In some cases, applicants may be required to attend an interview where they will be asked about their travel plans and reasons for visiting France.

Visa fee and processing time

  • The fee for a short-stay Schengen visa varies, typically around 80 euros for adults and 40 euros for children aged 6-12. Children under 6 years of age are usually exempt from the visa fee.
  • The processing time can vary, but it generally takes about 15 calendar days from the date of application. Applicants are advised to apply well in advance of their planned trip, but not more than three months prior to their intended travel date.

Important considerations

  • Applicants must have travel health insurance covering emergency medical expenses and repatriation for the duration of their stay in the Schengen Area, with a minimum coverage of 30,000 euros.
  • A valid short-stay visa allows travel across the Schengen Area; however, it’s crucial to check the entry requirements of each country as policies may vary.
  • In case of a visa refusal, the decision can be appealed. The appeal process and requirements should be checked with the respective French consulate.

Short-term visas are an essential tool for individuals looking to explore France and the wider Schengen Area for a limited period. Applicants are encouraged to carefully prepare their application and adhere to the guidelines to ensure a smooth visa application process.

Long-term visas in France

Long-term visas in France, also known as «Visa de Long Séjour,» serve as a gateway for non-European Union (EU) nationals wishing to reside in the country for periods exceeding three months. These visas cater to a variety of purposes, including work, study, family reunification, and retirement, reflecting France’s appeal as a destination for diverse groups of people seeking long-term stays.

Types of long-term visas

  • Student Visa. For individuals planning to pursue their studies in French educational institutions.
  • Work Visa. Issued to those who have secured a job in France, including specific categories like the Talent Passport for highly skilled workers.
  • Visitor Visa. For individuals intending to stay in France without engaging in professional activities, often required to prove sufficient financial resources.
  • Family Reunification Visa. For family members of French residents or citizens wishing to live together in France.
  • Retirement Visa. For retirees who want to spend their retirement years in France, also requiring proof of sufficient income.

Application process for long-term visas

The application process for a long-term visa typically involves the following steps:

  • Determine the correct visa type. Applicants must choose the visa category that best fits their purpose of stay.
  • Complete the application form. The form can usually be filled out online via the official French visa application portal.
  • Gather required documents. Applicants need to compile a set of documents, which may include proof of accommodation in France, a valid passport, financial guarantees, and depending on the visa type, an offer of employment or enrollment in a French institution.
  • Schedule and attend a visa appointment. This appointment is usually at the nearest French consulate or embassy, where applicants submit their documents and may undergo an interview.
  • Pay the visa fee. Fees vary depending on the visa type and duration of stay.
  • Wait for processing. The processing time can vary but applicants are usually informed about the decision within a few weeks.

Rights and obligations

Holders of long-term visas are generally allowed to live, and depending on their visa type, work or study in France for the duration of their visa. Some visa categories, such as the Talent Passport, offer additional benefits like easier family reunification and the possibility of obtaining a multi-year residence permit.

After arriving in France, long-term visa holders must register with the French Office of Immigration and Integration (OFII) or, depending on recent changes, may need to apply for a residence permit at the local prefecture to legalize their long-term stay.

France’s long-term visa system is designed to accommodate a wide range of individuals looking to experience life in the country for more than just a short visit. Whether for educational pursuits, professional opportunities, family reasons, or the simple desire to enjoy France’s rich culture and lifestyle, the long-term visa provides a structured path towards achieving these goals. Prospective applicants should carefully review the specific requirements and processes for their desired visa type, ensuring a smooth transition to life in France.

Airport Transit Visa

An airport transit visa (ATV) is required for certain travelers who are transiting through an airport in France to another country, without entering the Schengen Area. This type of visa is specifically designed for travelers who will not leave the international zone of the airport during their layover. Here’s a comprehensive overview of the airport transit visa for France, including its purpose, who needs it, and how to apply.

Purpose of the Airport Transit Visa

The primary purpose of the airport transit visa is to facilitate the passage of travelers who are connecting to another flight in a different country from a French airport. It is crucial for individuals who are nationals of certain countries that have been identified by the French authorities as needing an ATV for security and immigration control reasons.

Who needs an Airport Transit Visa?

Not all travelers transiting through France require an airport transit visa. The requirement depends on the traveler’s nationality, the destination country, and sometimes the type of travel documents they hold. Typically, nationals from a list of countries specified by the French government must obtain an ATV. This list is subject to change, so it’s important to check the most current information from official French visa services or consulates.

Exceptions exist for certain categories of travelers, such as those holding visas or residence permits from Schengen countries, the United States, Canada, Japan, and a few other countries, which allow them to transit without an ATV. Additionally, family members of EU/EEA nationals may also be exempt from the ATV requirement.

Applying for an Airport Transit Visa

The application process for an airport transit visa involves several steps:

  • Complete the Schengen visa application form, indicating that you are applying for an airport transit visa.
  • Submit the required documents, which typically include a passport or travel document with a minimum validity of three months beyond the intended stay, a valid visa for your final destination if required, flight tickets for the onward journey, and sometimes proof of legal residence in your home country.
  • Pay the visa application fee, which is subject to change. Some applicants, such as children under a certain age, may be exempt from the fee.
  • In some cases, you may be required to attend an interview at the French consulate or embassy.
  • Processing times can vary, so it’s advisable to apply well in advance of your travel date.

It’s important to note that holding an airport transit visa does not guarantee entry into the transit area of the airport. The final decision rests with the border control authorities.

An airport transit visa for France is an essential requirement for travelers from certain countries who are transiting through a French airport. Understanding whether you need an ATV and how to apply for one is crucial for ensuring a smooth and hassle-free transit experience. Always check the latest requirements and procedures with the French consulate or an official visa application service before making travel plans.

Visas for tourism or private stay

When planning a visit to France for tourism or a private stay, it’s essential to understand the different types of visas available and select the one that best suits your travel plans. France, as part of the Schengen Area, offers various visa options depending on the duration of stay, purpose of visit, and nationality of the traveler.

Here’s an overview of the primary visa types for tourism or private stays in France:

  • Short-stay Schengen Visa (Type C). This is the most common visa for tourists and short-term visitors. It allows you to stay in the Schengen Area, including France, for up to 90 days within a 180-day period. This visa is ideal for tourism, short private visits, or business trips. Applicants must demonstrate their intention to return to their country of residence at the end of their visit.
  • Long-stay Visa (Type D). If you plan to stay in France for more than 90 days, you will need a long-stay visa. This applies to those who wish to stay for extended tourism trips, family visits, or private stays beyond the 90-day limit of the short-stay visa. The application process requires more documentation, including proof of accommodation, sufficient financial means for the duration of the stay, and health insurance.
  • Visa de court séjour pour visite familiale ou privée. Specifically designed for those visiting family or friends in France, this short-stay visa requires an invitation from a host living in France. The host must provide a formal attestation d’accueil (hospitality certificate), which confirms they will accommodate the visitor for the duration of their stay.
  • Territorial Validity Visas (LTV). While not common for tourism, this type of visa restricts travel to the specific Schengen states listed on the visa, potentially including France. It’s usually issued under specific circumstances, such as humanitarian reasons or for those who cannot obtain a full Schengen visa.

Application process for tourism visas

  • Common requirements include a valid passport, travel insurance covering emergency medical and repatriation expenses, proof of accommodation, and evidence of sufficient financial means.
  • The Schengen visa application form must be filled out and submitted to the French consulate or embassy in your country of residence.
  • Applicants may be required to attend an interview at the consulate or embassy.
  • Payment of the visa fee is required at the time of application.

Tips for tourism visa applicants

  • Apply well in advance of your planned trip, as processing times can vary.
  • Ensure your passport has at least two blank pages and is valid for at least three months beyond the date of your departure from the Schengen Area.
  • Provide clear and accurate information in your application to avoid delays.

Each type of visa has specific requirements and application procedures, so it’s advisable to check the official website of the French consulate or embassy in your country for the most accurate and up-to-date information. Planning ahead and understanding the visa requirements can help ensure a smooth preparation for your trip to France.

Visas for professional purpose

France offers a range of visa options for professionals seeking to work, conduct business, or engage in other professional activities within its borders. The type of visa required depends on the nature of the professional activity, the duration of the stay, and the nationality of the applicant.

Here’s an overview of the main types of professional visas for France:

  1. Short-stay Visas (Schengen Visas). Short-stay visas, also known as Schengen visas, allow professionals to stay in France and other Schengen Area countries for up to 90 days within a 180-day period. These visas are suitable for business trips, attending conferences, or short-term training courses. Applicants must provide proof of their professional activity, such as an invitation from a French company or evidence of business relations.
  2. Long-stay Visas (Visa Long de Séjour). For stays longer than 90 days, a long-stay visa is required. This category includes several subtypes tailored to different professional activities:
    • Talent Passport (Passeport Talent) for highly skilled workers, researchers, startup founders, and other talented professionals. This visa offers a renewable four-year residence permit.
    • Employee (Salarié) for individuals with a work contract with a French employer. The employer must obtain authorization from the French labor authorities before the visa is granted.
    • Temporary Worker (Travailleur Temporaire) for those with contracts for jobs that last less than a year.
    • Self-Employed/Entrepreneur for individuals planning to start a business or work as freelancers in France. Applicants must demonstrate the viability of their project and their ability to financially support themselves.
  3. EU Blue Card. The EU Blue Card is a residence permit allowing highly educated or highly skilled non-EU nationals to live and work in France and other EU countries. To qualify, applicants must have a higher education degree and a job offer with a salary at least 1.5 times the average gross annual salary in France.

Application process for professional visas

The application process for a professional visa to France generally involves compiling a dossier of documents, including a passport, application forms, photos, proof of professional activity, and evidence of sufficient financial resources. Applicants must usually submit their visa application to the French consulate or embassy in their home country. For some visas, like the Talent Passport, applicants may also need to attend an interview.

Tips for professional visa applicants

  • Begin the application process well in advance of your planned trip to accommodate any delays.
  • Ensure all required documents are complete, accurate, and up-to-date.
  • Applicants must have health insurance covering the duration of their stay in France.
  • While not always mandatory, proficiency in French can be beneficial for integration and professional activities in France.

France’s visa system for professionals is designed to attract skilled workers, entrepreneurs, and talented individuals from around the world. By understanding the different visa types and their requirements, applicants can navigate the application process more effectively and take advantage of the opportunities available in France for professional development and business growth.

Visas for studies or training

France is a popular destination for international students and trainees due to its renowned educational institutions, rich culture, and history. If you’re planning to study or undergo training in France, it’s crucial to understand the visa requirements and processes involved. Here’s an overview to help guide you through the process of obtaining a visa for studies or training in France.

Types of visas for studies or training

  • Short-stay Visa (Schengen Visa). This visa is suitable for those planning to undertake a short course or training lasting less than 90 days. It allows you to travel within the Schengen Area.
  • Long-stay Visa for Studies (Visa Long Séjour pour Études). If your course or training exceeds three months, you’ll need this visa. It acts as a residence permit (VLS-TS) upon validation by the French Office of Immigration and Integration (OFII) or through the online validation process after arrival in France.
  • Student Talent Passport (Passeport Talent Étudiant). This is for highly skilled students, such as those pursuing a master’s degree or higher, or involved in a recognized innovative project. It offers a multi-year residence permit.


The requirements for obtaining a French study or training visa include:

  • A letter of acceptance from a recognized educational institution in France.
  • Evidence that you have sufficient funds to support yourself during your stay. The amount required can vary, but generally, you should prove you have access to at least €615 per month.
  • Comprehensive health insurance coverage for the duration of your stay.
  • Evidence of accommodation in France, such as a rental agreement or a campus housing confirmation.
  • Depending on your course or program, you may need to demonstrate proficiency in French or English.

Application process for student visas

  • Before applying for a visa, students must typically go through a pre-application process via the «Campus France» website, depending on their country of origin.
  • Apply through the official French visa application website or the nearest French consulate/embassy in your country. The process involves filling out forms, submitting the required documents, and attending an interview.
  • Pay the applicable visa fee, which varies depending on the type of visa and the applicant’s nationality.
  • The processing time can vary from a few days to several weeks, so it’s advisable to apply well in advance of your intended start date.

After arrival in France

Upon arriving in France with a long-stay visa, you must complete certain formalities to validate your stay or convert your visa into a residence permit. This may involve registering with the OFII or the local prefecture, undergoing a medical examination, and attending a welcome session.

It’s important to stay informed about the specific requirements and procedures, as immigration policies can change. The French government’s official websites and your country’s French consulate or embassy are reliable sources for the most up-to-date information. Starting the process early and being thorough with your application can help ensure a smooth journey to studying or training in France.

Visas for family purpose

France offers a range of visa options for those looking to join family members living in the country, catering to various situations, such as spouses, children, and dependent relatives. The specifics of obtaining a visa for family purposes in France depend on the individual’s nationality, the family member’s status in France, and the intended length of stay.

Here’s an overview of the key aspects related to visas in France for family purposes:

  • Short-stay visas. For family visits lasting less than 90 days, a short-stay Schengen visa may be required. This type of visa allows you to stay in France and the Schengen Area for a duration of up to 90 days within a 180-day period. Applicants must provide proof of their relationship with the family member in France, an invitation letter from them, proof of accommodation, and financial means, among other documents.
  • Long-stay visas. If the plan is to stay for more than three months, a long-stay visa is necessary. This type is more complex and comes in various categories, depending on the applicant’s situation, such as:
    • Spouse of a French citizen. You’ll need to provide a marriage certificate and evidence of the French spouse’s nationality.
    • Family reunion for non-EU/EEA/Swiss citizens. This applies to family members of non-EU/EEA/Swiss citizens who are residing in France with a valid residence permit. The application involves proving the family relationship and that the family member in France has sufficient resources and housing.
    • Parent of a French child. If you are the parent of a child with French nationality, you may apply for a visa to live in France with your child.

Applying for a visa

The application process typically involves compiling a dossier of required documents and submitting it either directly to the French Consulate or Embassy in your home country or through an authorized visa application center. The list of required documents can be extensive and may include:

  • A valid passport;
  • Application forms;
  • Recent photographs;
  • Proof of relationship;
  • Proof of the family member’s status in France;
  • Financial guarantees;
  • Health insurance covering the stay in France.

Residence permits

Upon arrival in France with a long-stay visa, you must apply for a residence permit (titre de séjour) at the local prefecture in your place of residence. This process should be started shortly after arriving in France, as the long-stay visa itself is only the first step in legally residing in the country for an extended period.

Legal considerations and assistance

Given the complexity and potential for changes in immigration law, it’s highly recommended to seek up-to-date advice and possibly legal assistance when applying for a family visa to France. The French government’s official website and your local French consulate are valuable resources for the most current information and guidance.

This overview provides a basic understanding of the visa options for family purposes in France, but individual circumstances can significantly affect the application process and requirements.

Visa application guidelines

To apply for a French visa, applicants must:

  • Determine the correct visa type based on their purpose of visit.
  • Complete the application form and gather necessary documents, including a valid passport, photos, travel itinerary, proof of accommodation, and financial means.
  • Schedule an appointment and submit the application at a French consulate or an authorized visa application center.
  • Pay the application fee and await processing. The time frame can vary, so it’s advisable to apply well in advance of your planned trip.

Applying for a French visa in 2024 requires careful preparation and attention to detail. By understanding the different visa types and following the application guidelines, you can ensure a smooth process for your visit or long-term stay in France.

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